The Hero's journey is an internal psychological drama. "Each of us has a Hero, an Sage,
a mercenary, a Princess within. Each of these pulls and pushes as we journey through the story that is our life.
We need all of these energies to pursue life's adventure." As the Hero journeys the 'road of trials,' and
we pursue the trials of our everyday lives, the Heroic task is to "integrate these parts or energies and win
the prize -- our individuality, our sense of place, our sense of purpose." The Call to Adventure lifts us
out of our everyday life where we focus on our individual problems and our individual life, into an engagement
with larger problems.
The final confrontation is where the hero must face their greatest fear. "Adventures lead to
a great confrontation between good and evil. We each discover that we can survive ordeals we did not think we
could survive." --Joseph Campbell
V. Propp discovered that similar patterns were apparent in many fairy tales, regardless of
national origin. Here is an abbreviated list of his findings:
- One family member leaves home.
- The hero or heroine is forbidden
to do some action.
- The hero or heroine violates a
- The villain surveys the situation.
- The villain receives information
about the victim.
- The villain attempts to trick or
deceive the victim in order to ps sess the victim or victimís belongings.
- The victim submits to deception
and unwittingly helps the enemy.
- The villain causes harm or injury
to a member of the family.
- One family member either lacks
something or desires to have something.
- A misfortune or lack is made known;
the hero or heroine is approached with a request or command; and he or she is allowed to go or is sent on a mission.
- The seeker agrees to, or decides
upon, a counteraction.
- The hero or heroine leaves home.
- The hero or heroine is tested,
interrogated, or attacked, which prepares the way for him or her to receive a magical agent or a helper.
- The hero or heroine reacts to the
actions of the future donor.
- The hero or heroine acquires a
- The hero or heroine is transferred,
delivered, or led to the whereabouts of an object.
- The hero or heroine and the villain
join in direct combat.
- The hero or heroine is marked.
- The villain is defeated.
- The initial misfortune or lack
- The hero or heroine returns.
- The hero or heroine is pursued.
- The hero or heroine is rescued
- The hero or heroine, unrecognized,
arrives home or in another country.
- A false hero or heroine presents
- A difficult task is proposed to
the hero or heroine.
- The task is resolved.
- The hero or heroine is recognized.
- The false hero/heroine or the villain
- The hero or heroine is given a
- The villain is punished.
- The hero or heroine is married
and ascends to the throne.